escaras en ancianos

Scales in the elderly | What are they and how to treat them?

The runs, also known as pressure ulcers either pressure soresThey are skin lesions and underlying tissues caused by sustained pressure or friction in areas of the body that are subject to constant pressure. In general, They develop in people who have limited mobility and that remain seated or accustomed for prolonged periods without changing position regularly. For this reason, the Scales in the elderly

They usually appear in areas of the body with bone prominences, such as coxis, heels, shoulder blades, elbows and ears. Prolonged pressure on these points can reduce blood flow to skin and tissues under it, which can lead to the formation of an ulcer. In addition to Pressure, friction and moisture can also contribute to the development of flesh.

They can vary in gravity, from surface skin lesions to deep ulcers that affect muscles and bones. They can be painful, difficult to cure and increase the risk of infection. People with limited mobility, such as those who are confined in bed or wheelchair, older adults and people with chronic medical conditions have a Greater risk of developing runs. Prevention is essential, and measures must be taken to relieve pressure in the prone areas and keep the skin clean and dry. If a escara is suspected or detected, it is important to seek adequate medical attention for evaluation and treatment.

Scales in the elderly

How to treat skishaes?

He Treatment of Sils It depends on the severity of the ulcer and the general medical condition of the patient. In general, the objective of the treatment is to relieve pressure on the affected area, Promote skin healing and Prevent infection. Here are some common measures that can be taken to treat the flesh:

  1. Relieve pressure: It is important to relieve pressure on the affected area to allow better blood circulation and promote healing. This may involve changing positions frequently, using special mattresses or cushions that reduce pressure in affected areas and avoid friction and skin moisture.
  2. CLEANING AND CARE OF THE SKIN: Maintaining clean and dry skin is essential to prevent infections and promote healing. The skin should be gently cleaned with warm water and a soft soap, avoiding rubbing vigorously. Creams or lotions recommended by a health professional can be applied to keep the skin hydrated and protected.
  3. Changes in food: A balanced and adequate diet in proteins, vitamins and minerals can help promote the healing of the cracks. A dietitian or a health professional can provide specific nutritional guidelines according to the patient's needs.
  4. Topical treatments: In some cases, creams or topical ointments can be applied, such as hydrocortisone creams or products containing money, to promote skin healing. However, you should always follow the orientation of a health professional before using any topical product.
  5. Air or water therapy: In some situations, air or water therapy can be used to clean and stimulate the healing of the flesh. These treatments are usually performed in a medical environment and require the supervision of a health professional.
  6. Antibiotics: If an infection is suspected or confirmed, antibiotics can be prescribed to treat it.


It is important to keep in mind that the Treatment of Sils It must be individualized and supervised by a health professional, as a doctor or a wound care specialist. In more serious cases, more advanced medical procedures may be required, such as necrotic tissue debride, negative pressure therapy either skin grafts. Prevention is the best strategy in handling the downs, so it is important to take measures to prevent their appearance, especially in people with limited mobility or at risk.

Do you need special treatment in the elderly?

Yes, the Scales in the elderly They require a special treatment approach because older adults can have a more fragile skin and Less healing capacity compared to younger people. In addition, elders often have additional risk factors, such as limited mobility, a decrease in sensory perception and chronic health problems, which can affect the prevention and handling of the crafts.


When dealing with the Scales in the elderly, the following considerations must be taken into account:

  1. Prevention: Prevention is key in handling the downs in older adults. Measures must be taken to avoid the appearance of shots, such as making sure that the elderly change positions often to relieve pressure in the prone areas, use mattresses or special cushions to reduce the pressure, keep the skin clean and dry, and make sure that the elderly have a balanced and adequate diet in proteins, vitamins and minerals to favor skin healing.
  2. Evaluation and proper management: If a escara is detected in an old man, it is important to seek adequate medical attention for proper evaluation and management. Health professionals, such as doctors, nurses or wound care specialists, can evaluate the severity of the ulcer and determine the appropriate treatment approach, which may include changes in the patient's position, cleaning and care of the skin, use of topical products, changes in food, and other specific treatments according to the patient's clinical situation.
  3. Comprehensive management: In many cases, the handling of the elderly flesh implies a comprehensive approach that addresses not only the ulcer itself, but also other risk factors and medical conditions of the patient. For example, it may be necessary to handle problems of mobility, nutrition, incontinence, diabetes or other medical conditions that may affect skin healing and the prevention of the emergence of new fingers.
  4. Compassionate care: The elderly may experience pain, emotional anguish and decreased quality of life due to skises and other health problems. Therefore, it is important to provide compassionate care and centered on the person, taking into account the physical, emotional and psychosocial needs of the patient.


In short, the treatment of Scales in the elderly It requires a specialized and compassionate approach that addresses risk factors and medical conditions of advanced age. The prevention, evaluation and adequate management, comprehensive management and compassionate care They are important aspects to take into account in the treatment of the flesh in the population of older adults. Consulting with qualified health professionals is essential for an adequate and safe approach in the management of Scales in the elderly.